of the heart and blood vessels
Recent scientific studies
have established a clear relationship between
chronic infections such as can be found in the
teeth, gums and jaw bones with cardio-vascular
diseases including atherosclerosis ( hardening of
the arteries ), strokes, heart attacks and
ischaemia ( disruption in blood flow due to
obstructions such as blood clots ).
theories exist to explain the link between oral
infections and heart and blood vessels disease.
One theory is that oral bacteria can affect the
heart when they enter the blood stream, attaching
to fatty plaques in the coronary arteries (heart
blood vessels) and contributing to clot
formation. Coronary artery disease is
characterized by a thickening of the walls of the
coronary arteries due to the buildup of fatty
proteins. Blood clots can obstruct normal blood
flow, restricting the amount of nutrients and
oxygen required for the heart to function
properly. This may lead to heart attacks.
possibility is that the inflammation caused by
oral infections increases plaque build up, which
may contribute to swelling of the arteries.
have found that people with gum disease are
almost twice as likely to suffer from coronary
artery disease as those without gum disease.
articles such as this one explain the
infections can also exacerbate existing heart
conditions. Patients at risk for infective
endocarditis may require antibiotics prior to
dental procedures. Antibiotics may be required
prior to dental procedures. Your own situation
will be assessed by Dr. Jacques Imbeau at the
time of your initial consultation.